original name Norma Jean Mortenson , also called Norma Jean Baker
( 1926 – 1962 )
Actress. Born Norma Jeane Mortenson (later
baptized as Norma Jeane Baker) on June 1, 1926, in Los Angeles, California.
During her all-too-brief life, Marilyn Monroe overcame a difficult
childhood to become of the world's biggest and most enduring sex symbols.
She never knew her father, and her mother Gladys, developed psychiatric
problems and was eventually placed in a mental institution. Growing
up, Monroe spent much of her time in foster care and in an orphanage.
In 1937, a family friend and her husband, Grace and Doc Goddard, took
care of her for a few years. But when Doc's job was transferred in
1942 to the East Coast, the couple could not afford to bring Monroe
again, Monroe faced life in foster care. But she had one way out—get
married. She wed her boyfriend Jimmy Dougherty on June 19, 1942. A
merchant marine, Dougherty was later sent to the South Pacific. Monroe
went to work in a munitions factory in Burbank where she was discovered
by a photographer. By the time Dougherty returned in 1946, Monroe
had a successful career as a model. She dreamt of becoming an actress
like Jean Harlow and Lana Turner.
marriage fizzled out as Monroe focused more on her career. The couple
divorced in 1946—the same year she signed her first movie contract.
With the movie contract came a new name and image, she began calling
herself "Marilyn Monroe" and dyed her hair blonde. But her
acting career didn't really take off until the 1950s. Her small part
in John Huston's crime drama The Asphalt Jungle (1950) garnered her
a lot of attention. That same year she impressed audiences and critics
alike as Claudia Caswell in All About Eve, starring Bette Davis.
1953, Monroe made a star-making turn in Niagara, starring as a young
married woman out to kill her husband with help from her lover. The
emerging sex symbol was paired with another bombshell, Jane Russell,
for the musical comedy Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1953). The film was
a hit and Monroe continued to find success in a string of light comedic
fare, such as How to Marry a Millionaire with Betty Grable and Lauren
Bacall, There's No Business like Show Business (1954) with Ethel Merman
and Donald O'Connor, and The Seven Year Itch (1955). With her breathy
voice and hourglass figure, Monroe became a much-admired international
of bubbly, dumb blonde roles, Monroe moved to New York City to study
acting with Lee Strasberg at the Actors' Studio. She returned to the
screen in the dramatic comedy Bus Stop (1956), playing a saloon singer
kidnapped by a rancher who has fallen in love with her. She received
mostly praise for her performance.
1959, Monroe returned to familiar territory with the wildly popular
comedy Some Like It Hot with Jack Lemmon and Tony Curtis. She played
Sugar Kane Kowalczyk, a singer who hopes to marry a millionaire in
this humorous film in which Lemmon and Curtis pretend to be women.
They are on the run from the mob after witnessing the St. Valentine's
Day Massacre and hide out with an all-girl orchestra featuring Monroe.
Her work on the film earned her a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress
in a Comedy.
Reunited with John Huston, Monroe starred opposite Clark Gable and
Montgomery Clift in The Misfits (1961). Set in Nevada, this adventure
drama features Monroe who falls for Gable's cowboy, but battles him
over the fate of some wild mustangs. This was her last completed film.
1962, Monroe was dismissed from Something's Got to Give—also
starring Dean Martin—for missing so many days of filming. According
to an article in The New York Times, the actress claimed that the
absences were due to illness. Martin declined to make the film without
her so the studio shelved the picture.
professional and personal life seemed to be in turmoil. Her last two
films, Let's Make Love (1960) and The Misfits (1961) were box office
disappointments, and she got herself fired from her last project.
In her personal life, she had a string of unsuccessful marriages and
relationships. Her 1954 marriage to baseball great Joe DiMaggio only
lasted nine months, and she was wed to playwright Arthur Miller from
1956 to 1961. There have also been rumors that she was involved with
President John F. Kennedy and/or his brother Robert around the time
of her death.
only 36 years old, Marilyn Monroe died on August 5, 1962, at her Los
Angeles home. An empty bottle of sleeping pills were found by her
bed. There has been some speculation over the years that she may have
been murdered, but it was officially ruled as a drug overdose.
her career, Monroe's films grossed more than $200 million. She still
remains popular today as an icon of sex appeal and beauty.
our special MARILYN MONROE Tribute Site for photo gallery, timeline,
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